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Evaluation of Consumer Sensory Acceptability and Shelf Life of Orangefleshed Sweet Potato-enriched Mozzarella Cheese

[ Vol. 17 , Issue. 7 ]

Author(s):

Nixon Kebeya , John M. Nduko * and Patrick S. Muliro   Pages 764 - 772 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Background: Consumer interest in convenience foods is a new trend worldwide that is expected to increase due to busy lifestyles. Studies have shown that sweet potato has unique nutrients, which if incorporated into cheese, can make it a functional food. Food product development process requires that before a product is commercialized, it is subjected to consumer acceptability and shelf-life tests.

Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the sensory acceptability and shelf life of mozzarella cheese that was enriched with orange-fleshed sweet potato to improve fiber content.

Methods: Mozzarella cheese was prepared with orange-fleshed sweet potato powder at 0% up to 5.5% at intervals of 0.5% and a seven-point hedonic scale was used to evaluate product acceptability based on colour, aroma, acidity, texture, and fibrousness. Cluster analysis and principal component analysis were carried out using MinitabĀ® software. For shelf life, total coliform count, E. coli, and yeasts and moulds counts were used.

Results: Hedonic scores for all sensory attributes except color were not significantly (p>0.05) different between control and treatments. Cluster analysis grouped the sensory attributes into 3 clusters (1-color; 2-aroma, texture and fibrousness; 3-taste and acidity). All the sensory attributes loaded positively on component 1, while taste, acidity, and fibrousness loaded negatively on component 2 of principal component analysis. Fresh cheese had no coliforms, E. coli, yeasts and molds. The yeasts and molds were used to predict shelf life and their numbers were directly proportional with the cheese storage period. The control samples had the longest predicted shelf life of 42 days and the shelf life decreased with increase in orange-fleshed sweet potato incorporation with a treatment of 5.5% orange-fleshed sweet potato having 29 days.

Conclusion: Orange-fleshed sweet potato (OFSP)-enriched mozzarella cheese had similar sensory acceptability as the control without OFSP. It should therefore be promoted as a functional food with a possibility of using food grade anti-mold agents for extended shelf life.

Keywords:

Mozzarella cheese, sensory analysis, orange-fleshed sweet potato, shelf life, functional food, dietary fibre.

Affiliation:

Department of Dairy, Food Science and Technology, Egerton University, Egerton, Department of Dairy, Food Science and Technology, Egerton University, Egerton, Department of Dairy, Food Science and Technology, Egerton University, Egerton

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