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Review of Bioactive Compounds Extracted from Carica papaya linn

[ Vol. 16 , Issue. 9 ]

Author(s):

Yee H. Chai, Suzana Yusup* and Muhammad S.H. Ruslan   Pages 1287 - 1298 ( 12 )

Abstract:


The presence of phytochemical constituents, such as alkaloids, flavonoids, polyphenols, fatty acids, etc., within various parts of Carica papaya is highly valuable for various health and medicinal benefits. This paper aimed to review various sample preparation and extraction methods, including conventional extraction and greener extraction methods of phytochemical compounds from Carica papaya. In this review, the methodology used was based on comprehensive data searched from the Web of Science for literature review and technology benchmarking. An in-depth discussion, including advantages and drawbacks, of each sample and extraction methods of Carica papaya Linn. are presented and outlined. Furthermore, key solutions were proposed to overcome issues faced in conventional extraction methods and the challenges encountered in larger extraction scale ratios were also presented to complement the movement towards more sustainable and greener extraction processes.

Keywords:

Carica papaya Linn, extraction methods, green extraction technology, microwave-assisted extraction, phytochemical compounds, supercritical fluid extraction, ultrasonic-assisted extraction.

Affiliation:

Biomass Processing Laboratory, HICoE-Centre for Biofuel and Biochemical Research (HICoE-CBBR), Institute of Self-sustainable Building, Department of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, 32610, Seri Iskandar, Perak, Biomass Processing Laboratory, HICoE-Centre for Biofuel and Biochemical Research (HICoE-CBBR), Institute of Self-sustainable Building, Department of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, 32610, Seri Iskandar, Perak, Department of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, 32610, Seri Iskandar, Perak



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