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Phytochemical Analysis of Diplazium esculentum Reveals the Presence of Medically Important Components

[ Vol. 17 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Bindu Naik, Vinay K. Maurya, Vijay Kumar*, Vivek Kumar, Sweta Upadhyay and Sanjay Gupta   Pages 210 - 215 ( 6 )

Abstract:


Background: Diplazium esculentum is found throughout Asia growing along with water channels and is used for many purposes. In India, the rhizomes are used to control insects and pests while the young fronds are used as a vegetable and salad. But very few reports on phytochemicals of young fronds and its anti-oxidant activity is available.

Objective: The present study was undertaken to assess the antioxidant, antimicrobial and phytochemical analysis of D. esculentum.

Methods: Proximate analysis was done according to the standard protocol while antioxodant and antimicrobial activity was performed by DDPH. and well diffusion method respectivity. Phytochemical analysis was performed by GC-MS.

Results: The present study revealed that the young fronds of D. esculentum contain high amount of carbohydrate followed by protein, crude fibre, and fat. The free radical scavenging activity of methanolic extract was 87.93 ± 0.3% reduction, which shows it have potential antioxidant activity. The antioxidant property may be contributed by the presence of phytochemicals such as Phosphoric acid, phytol, 2,6,10-Trimethyl,14 ethylene-14-pentadecene, Hexadecanoic acid methyl ester, Pentadecanoic acid, Stigmasta-5,22-dien-3-ol, acetate, (3.beta.). It showed promising antimicrobial activity against S. aureus and B. subtilis. The antimicrobial activity may be due to the presence of Phytochemicals such as beta-Ocimene, 2,6,10-Trimethyl,14 ethylene-14-pentadecene, 1,2-Benzenedicarboxylic acid, BIS(2-Methylpropyl)ester, Hexadecanoic acid, methyl ester, 1-Heneicosanol, Phytol, 5,8,11,14- Eicosatetraenoic acid, methyl ester(all Z), 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid, Ergost-5-en-3-ol, (3.beta), Stigmasta-5,22-dien-3-ol, acetate, (3.beta.), stigmast-5-EN-3-OL, (3.beta).

Conclusion: From the present study, it can be deduced that D. Esculentum is a rich source of medically important phytochemicals. Further work is required, so that these phytochemicals can be explored in the management of various chronic diseases.

Keywords:

Antimicrobial activity, antioxidant, Diplazium esculentum, methanol extract, phytochemicals, proximate.

Affiliation:

Department of Food Technology, UCALS, Uttaranchal University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand-248001, Department of Food Technology, Doon (P.G.) College of Agriculture Science and Technology, Selaqui, Uttarakhand- 248011, Department of Biosciences, Swami Rama Himalayan University, Jollygrant, Uttarakhand-248014, Department of Biosciences, Swami Rama Himalayan University, Jollygrant, Uttarakhand-248014, Department of Biosciences, Swami Rama Himalayan University, Jollygrant, Uttarakhand-248014, Department of Biosciences, Swami Rama Himalayan University, Jollygrant, Uttarakhand-248014



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