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Effects of Minor Compounds of Edible Oils on Human Health

[ Vol. 16 , Issue. 8 ]

Author(s):

Ramin Ghodsi* and Rahmat Nosrati   Pages 1196 - 1208 ( 13 )

Abstract:


Background: Oils and fats are the densest sources of food energy among food groups. Vegetable oils are constituted predominantly of triglycerides. Due to the importance of edible oils in nutrition, food industry and human health, great attention has been paid to them in recent years. Some minor bioactive constituents in oils include phospholipids, tocols, sterols, carotenoid, chlorophyll, phenols, phylokynon and terpenes.

Objective: The aim of the present study was to examine the beneficial effects of minor compounds in edible oils on human health.

Results: Minor compounds of edible oils that we use daily can produce remarkable results in the prevention and treatment of various diseases such as diabetes, inflammation, hypertension, cancer, allergy and central nervous system disorders due to their antimicrobial, anti-cancer, anti-viral, anti-oxidative, anti-inflammation, anti-mutagenic, hypolipidemic, and hypoglycemic properties, among others.

Conclusion: The results of this study showed that the presence of beneficial minor compounds in oils could have a significant impact on the prevention and treatment of various diseases. Therefore, the type of consumed oil can play an important role in human health.

Keywords:

Carotenoid, edible oils, phenols, phospholipids, phytosterol, sterols.

Affiliation:

Student Research Committee, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Student Research Committee, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz



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