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Dietary Exposure of Heavy Metals, Minerals and Trace Elements through Cereals Commonly Consumed by Dhaka City Residents

[ Vol. 16 , Issue. 5 ]

Author(s):

Md. Bayejid Hosen, Abu T.M. Abdullah, T.M. Howlader and Yearul Kabir*   Pages 815 - 823 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Background: Contamination of soil and agricultural products by heavy metals resulting from rapid industrial development has caused major concern. Dietary exposure to heavy metals has been associated with toxic and adverse health effects. The main threats to human health from heavy metals are associated with exposure to Pb, Cd and Hg. The aim of this study was to monitor the presence of heavy metals, minerals and trace elements in cereals consumed by Dhaka city residents.

Methods: One hundred and sixty cereal samples were collected for eight (08) composited samples and analyzed for determination of sixteen elements. Heavy metals were analyzed by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS), and other elements were determined by Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (AAS).

Results: The average concentrations of elements in cereals fall within the safe limit except for Pb, Cr, Na and Mg which exceeded the safe limits. The daily intake of Cd (23.0 μg), Hg (63.0 μg) and As (13.6 μg) through cereals were below the risk level except for Pb (634.0 μg) and Cr (263.1 μg). The dietary intake of Na (1860.0 mg), Mg (347.0 mg) and Mn (4600.0 μg) exceeded the toxic level while and K (829 mg) were below the RDA.

Conclusion: As the main meal of average Bangladeshi people is boiled rice served with some sorts of vegetables, our findings indicate that the residents of Dhaka city are at risk from Pb and Cr contamination and their dietary need of some important minerals and trace elements does not cover by cereals.

Keywords:

Bangladesh, cereals, dietary exposure, food analysis, heavy metals, trace elements.

Affiliation:

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Dhaka, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka



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