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Behavioural Patterns of Physical Activity and Nutritional Habits among Urban and Rural Students

[ Vol. 15 , Issue. 6 ]

Author(s):

Ahmad Kousha, Zeinab Nemati, Hamid Allahverdipour, Faezeh Ghalichi and Hossein Matlabi*   Pages 565 - 571 ( 7 )

Abstract:


Background: Adolescence is considered as one of the most vulnerable periods. The deficiencies and poor nutritional habits and lack of physical activity will have irreparable consequences in adulthood. This study was aimed to determine the behavioural patterns of nutritional and physical activity among the urban and rural students in Urmia, Iran.

Methods: The present study was designed and implemented using a sectional and descriptive-analytic approach. Using a stratified random sampling method, 194 males and 191 female high school students were chosen to participate. Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II (HPLPII) was used for data collection. The overall average score of physical activity in students was 55.57 ± 4.88, and in the aspect of nutritional behaviour it was equal to 64.04 ± 3.67.

Results: No significant difference was observed between physical activity, nutritional behaviours and socio-demographic variables (gender, type of school, place of residence, parental education). Based on multivariate regression analysis, there was a significant relationship between physical activity and the field of education. Furthermore, a significant relationship was found between children’s nutritional behaviour and mothers’ education.

Conclusion: Considering importance of mothers’ role in upbringing adolescents and forming their healthy behavioural patterns and the significant relationship of mothers’ education and healthy behaviours, training and increasing health literacy level of this class of population can be an imperative step in promoting the mental and physical health of adolescents.

Keywords:

Adolescent, health, malnutrition, nutritional status, obesity, physical activity.

Affiliation:

Department of Health Education and Promotion, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Department of Health Education and Promotion, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Department of Health Education and Promotion, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Department of Nutrition & Food Sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Department of Health Education and Promotion, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz

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