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LegumeDB: Development of Legume Medicinal Plant Database and Comparative Molecular Evolutionary Analysis of matK Proteins of Legumes and Mangroves

[ Vol. 15 , Issue. 4 ]

Author(s):

Sambhaji B. Thakar, Maruti J. Dhanavade and Kailas D. Sonawane*   Pages 353 - 362 ( 10 )

Abstract:


Background: Legume plants are known for their rich medicinal and nutritional values. Large amount of medicinal information of various legume plants have been dispersed in the form of text.

Objective: It is essential to design and construct a legume medicinal plants database, which integrate respective classes of legumes and include knowledge regarding medicinal applications along with their protein/enzyme sequences.

Methods: The design and development of Legume Medicinal Plants Database (LegumeDB) has been done by using Microsoft Structure Query Language Server 2017. DBMS was used as back end and ASP.Net was used to lay out front end operations. VB.Net was used as arranged program for coding.

Multiple sequence alignment, phylogenetic analysis and homology modeling techniques were also used. Results: This database includes information of 50 Legume medicinal species, which might be helpful to explore the information for researchers. Further, maturase K (matK) protein sequences of legumes and mangroves were retrieved from NCBI for multiple sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis to understand evolutionary lineage between legumes and mangroves. Homology modeling technique was used to determine three-dimensional structure of matK from Legume species i.e. Vigna unguiculata using matK of mangrove species, Thespesia populnea as a template. The matK sequence analysis results indicate the conserved residues among legume and mangrove species.

Conclusion: Phylogenetic analysis revealed closeness between legume species Vigna unguiculata and mangrove species Thespesia populnea to each other, indicating their similarity and origin from common ancestor. Thus, these studies might be helpful to understand evolutionary relationship between legumes and mangroves.

Keywords:

Database development, homology modeling, legumes, maturase k, phylogenetic analysis, sequence alignment.

Affiliation:

Department of Biotechnology, Shivaji University, Kolhapur-416 004, (M.S.), Department of Microbiology, Shivaji University, Kolhapur-416 004, (M.S.), Department of Microbiology, Shivaji University, Kolhapur-416 004, (M.S.)



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