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Cola Beverages: Clinical Uses versus Adverse Effects

[ Vol. 15 , Issue. 2 ]


Ehsan T. Moghaddam and Ali Tafazoli*   Pages 130 - 139 ( 10 )


Background: Excessive consumption of cola beverages is accompanied by numerous public health risks. But besides these well-known adverse effects, recently, several medical articles have been published that show some indications for cola beverages in clinical practice like resolution of gastrointestinal or feeding tube obstructions, increasing bioavailability and palatability of other medications, rehydration and other uses in healthcare settings. These approaches are not without shortcomings and complications.

Methods: In this systematic review we tried to explore these new uses for practitioners and also reemphasize on the most evidence-based complications of cola consumption like bone loss and metabolic and cardiovascular adverse effects in cases of misuse and overuse from both clinical and nutritional points of view via searching the PubMed database.

Results: We chose 145 journal articles from the most relevant ones plus 30 extra references and categorized their topics in two classes of medical uses and adverse effects.

Conclusion: It could be stated that cola beverages have demonstrated interesting uses and benefits in medicine but their use should be regulated as strict as possible.


Beverages, bioavailability, cola, complications, drug-related side effects and adverse reactions, therapeutic uses.


Orthodontics Department, School of Dentistry, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, School of Pharmacy, International Campus, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran

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