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Assessment of Nutritional Status of People with Disabilities in Rural Tamil Nadu using Mini Nutritional Assessment Scale

[ Vol. 14 , Issue. 4 ]

Author(s):

Nancy Angeline Gnanaselvam*, Samuel Prasanna Vinoth Kumar and Vinod Joseph Abraham   Pages 341 - 349 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Background: Weight management and adequate nutrition are complex issues for people with disabilities due to their impairments. This study aimed to assess the nutritional status of people with disabilities in Kaniyambadi block, a rural area in Tamil Nadu, India.

Methods: People with disabilities were administered Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA) scale to assess their nutritional status. Their level of disability was assessed using the Disability Assessment Schedule (WHO DAS version 2.0). Anthropometric measures taken were height, weight, demi-arm span, knee height, mid-arm circumference, calf circumference and abdominal circumference.

Results: A total of 300 people with disabilities were interviewed. As per the MNA scale, 8.3% of people with disabilities were malnourished and 51.7% of them were at risk for malnutrition. Factors which were significantly associated with malnutrition and at risk for malnutrition were, the presence of more than one type of disability (Adjusted odds ratio 2.127, 95% CI 1.093-4.136, p value 0.026) and severe disability (Adjusted odds ratio 6.106, 95% CI 3.194-11.67, p value 0.001). Negative correlation was observed between the scores of MNA scale and WHO DAS 2.0. Increase in severity of disability was correlated with reduced nutritional status, r = -0.647 and p value 0.01.

Conclusion: More than half the study population were either malnourished or were at risk of malnutrition. Severe disability is associated with malnutrition. Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA) proved to be a useful and simple tool for assessment of nutritional status among people with disabilities. Nutrition assessment and nutritional therapy could be made a part of rehabilitation in persons with disabilities.

Keywords:

Anthropometric measures, body mass index, mini nutritional assessment, mid-arm circumference, nutritional status, people with disabilities.

Affiliation:

Department of Community Health, St. John’s Medical College, Bangalore - 560034, Department of Community Health, Christian Medical College, Vellore - 632002, Department of Community Health, Christian Medical College, Vellore - 632002

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